Scigliani, E, 2012. Sweetening the Waters. Published as Appendix 9 of the WA Blue Ribbon Panel Report. Click here to read
Bernstein, B., and Iudicello S., July 2002. Decision Analysis: Can it Provide an Effective Tool for Fishery Management? A workshop sponsored by the David and Lucile Packard Foundation. Ojai, CA. Click here to read
Bernstein, B., Blough, H., Iudicello, S., Parkes, G., Trumble, R., c. 2002. Issues To Be Considered By The Evaluation Team For The Bering Sea And Gulf Of Alaska Walleye Pollock Fishery. Report prepared for the World Wildlife Fund. Ojai, CA. www.worldwildlife.org. Click here to read
Salmon Avoidance in Alaska’s Pollock Fishery
Alaska’s largest fishery is pioneering new salmon bycatch avoidance technologies and practices.
Courtesy of SeaAlliance Campaign.
IFQs Work for Halibut Fishermen
The switch to individual catch shares ended a wasteful dangerous race for fish in Alaska’s halibut fleet, giving fishermen a chance to operate more safely, harvest more conservatively, extend their season, gain new markets, and earn much higher prices.
Positive Change Through Catch Shares
Alaska longliners report that IFQs have enabled them to look after the resource, reduce their bycatch, improve safety, and even develop their own retail markets. With better long-term prospects, young fishermen are buying into the fishery.
Catch Shares and Conservation
Once trapped into discarding much of their catch, some West Coast groundfish fishermen welcome Individual Fishing Quotas as a chance to improve resource stewardship. Says one: “A system that gives you the flexibility to not waste fish needlessly—who wouldn’t be for that?”
Former IFQ Opponents Embrace Catch Shares
Fishermen in Alaska, British Columbia, and Florida fought the transition to catch shares at first. “Thank god we lost that fight,” says one. After a rough start, the change has strengthened fish stocks, reduced bycatch, helped fishermen earn greater credibility in fishery management, and improved their earnings and market opportunities.
Halibut IFQs “Working For Us,” Fishermen Say
Alaska halibut fishermen report that switching to Individual Fishing Quotas (IFQs) allowed them to earn more, improve product quality and safety, and reduce waste. By ending the hectic “derby” that once compressed fishing into a few days a year, they can now fish when markets and weather are better, clean and handle fish carefully, and avoid glutting fish decks and plants. With better quality and access to high-end fresh markets during eight months of the year, their prices have tripled.
Fishing Families Are Safer With IFQs
The end of a dangerous, mandatory race for fish has made life safer for many fishing families in “catch share” systems. Famlies in Alaska and Gulf of Mexico fleets report that Individual Fishing Quotas (IFQs) now allow them to avoid dangerous weather, bring their kids out to sea, avoid bycatch and waste, and simplify compliance with catch limits. Fewer lives are lost. Wives worry less about husbands at sea, who are no longer compelled to fish in storms.
Catch Shares Can Strengthen Fishing Businesses
Fishermen embracing catch shares report greater economic stability, higher earnings, and a chance to build more successful fishing businesses. After years of poverty, delayed repairs, and scraping by in old-style “derby” fisheries, vessel owners who have switched to individual quotas see more stable harvests and access to profitable new markets. Their quota provides collateral for loans. Stronger prices and predictable earnings allow more investment, upgrading, and repairs. For the first time, many see themselves building businesses worth passing down to children or selling when they choose to retire.
Catch Shares at Work in Florida
Glen Brooks and Karen Bell of Cortez, Florida discuss why they are excited about the change to catch shares. Switching to a new fishing management plan can be scary. In Karen’s and Glen’s case they received half as much quota as they would normally catch each year, but they believe the economics of catch shares will allow for long-term growth. Fish prices will gradually increase, creating a long-term strategy that makes the fishery sustainable as well as profitable.
IFQs and Consolidation Within The Alaskan Halibut Fishery
For many fishing families, fishing is a way of life that goes back several generations. But in the age of consolidation, that tradition is at risk. In the past, Catch Share programs have failed to curtail the movement towards consolidation, but many fisherman in the Alaskan fisheries are trying to keep this tradition alive.
Saving Salmon – Bycatch Management
Saving Salmon – How fishing fleets in Alaska use “Catch Share” based management and “hot spot” analysis to avoid salmon bycatch, while still feeding the world and promoting sustainable fishing practices.
Courtesy: SeaAlliance Campaign
Saving Ocean Fisheries With Property Rights
Conservation Based Cooperative Fishing
The Alaska Seafood Cooperative represents the majority of the vessels operating in one of the first “Catch Share” programs developed for conservation purposes. This video examines how Cooperatives – rather than competition – can lead to innovations in ecosystem-based fisheries management.
By Paul J. Howard
Fishery management successes do not come easy. In an era where fisheries around the world are declining, here in New England for the first time in over a decade we are experiencing significant improvements in many stocks, especially sea scallops. Without a doubt, the rapid turn around of the sea scallop fishery is a success story. Today, we know that collaborative research and adaptive conservation plans can work, the stocks will rebound, and the benefits can be huge.
By James H. Gilford
More and better fisheries data are needed to meet the long term needs of rational fisheries management as well as the current mandates of the Magnuson-Stevens Act; that’s a given. No matter what the source, those data must pass scientific peer review with respect to quality and credibility and they must be available and useable by fisheries managers; that is a given, too!
By Randy Fisher
Just the other day someone asked me if cooperative studies were useful to the interstate management process. The obvious answer is “Yes” but, after a few sips of wine, I’ve sat back and given this question more thought. What really is a cooperative study?
Cooperative research remains NFCC focus
One of the best ways to build bridges between managers and user groups, between scientists and advocates, between fishing communities and interest groups is through collaborative efforts to collect information. The NFCC has been thinking and writing about cooperative studies since the mid-1990s. Some of our board members have been innovators in cooperative work on the ocean, in working fishing boats. Our board and staff have written extensively about the subject, presented seminars on cooperative data collection, and participated in a report released in December 2003 by the National Academy of Sciences.
By Penelope D. Dalton
Fishermen and government scientists working together to collect and analyze fisheries data? Impossible you say? Not only possible, but happening in growing numbers and as a top priority of NOAA Fisheries.
By Brock Bernstein
Cooperative studies are an attractive tool for fishery management because of their potential for reducing conflict, improving the knowledge base for management decisions, and attracting additional sources of funding and expertise.